NonGNU ELPA - evil-nerd-commenter


Comment/uncomment lines efficiently. Like Nerd Commenter in Vim
evil-nerd-commenter-3.6.1.tar (.sig), 2024-Mar-31, 100 KiB
Chen Bin <>
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To install this package from Emacs, use package-install or list-packages.

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1. evil-nerd-commenter

badge.svg evil-nerd-commenter.svg evil-nerd-commenter-badge.svg evil-nerd-commenter-badge.svg

This program can be used WITHOUT evil-mode!

A Nerd Commenter emulation, help you comment code efficiently. For example, you can press "99,ci" to comment out 99 lines.

I recommend using it with Evil though Evil is optional.

Tested on Emacs 25, 26, 27, 28

2. Why?

2.1. A simple use case on the efficiency

The old way to comment out 9 lines is C-space M-9 C-n M-; ("M-;" is the default key binding of comment-dwim.

With this package's help, you can press "M-9 M-;" or ",,9j" or "9,ci" instead. It's much faster because you donot need mark any text first!



2.2. It fixes Emacs bug for you

Long-term support is provided for ANY programming language. Here is an example to fix a bug in autoconf.el.

2.3. Perfect integration with org-mode

The code snippet embedded in org file is automatically detected and correct comment syntax will be used!

3. Install

This package is already uploaded to The best way to install is Emacs package manager.

4. Setup

Please note NO key bindings are setup automatically. You need use following ways to setup key bindings.

Please note v3.2.1 is the last version supporting Emacs 24.3.

4.1. Use recommended key bindings

Insert (evilnc-default-hotkeys) into ~/.emacs to use key bindings preset for both evil and non-evil mode. This is recommended way.

Use (evilnc-default-hotkeys t) to use key binding only for non-evil mode if you want to define key bindings in evil-mode by yourself.

Use (evilnc-default-hotkeys nil t) to use key binding only for evil mode if you want to define key bindings in Emacs mode by yourself.

You can also use third party package general.el instead of calling evilnc-default-hotkeys.

4.2. Assign key bindings manually

Manual setup is necessary for certain major modes (matlab-mode, for example)

Here is the minimum setup,

(defun matlab-mode-hook-config ()
  (local-set-key (kbd "M-;") 'evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-lines))
(add-hook 'matlab-mode-hook 'matlab-mode-hook-config)

5. Usage

5.1. Commands and hotkeys

Here are available commands which are NOT dependent on evil-mode:

5.1.1. evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-lines (RECOMMENDED)

Comment/uncomment lines. This command supports negative arguments.

The hotkey is ",cl" in evil-mode and "M-;" in all modes. "M" means ALT key.

If a region selected, the region is expand to make sure the region contain whole lines. Then we comment/uncomment the expanded region. NUM is ignored.

If the region is inside of ONE line, we comment/uncomment that region. In this case, CORRECT comment syntax will be used for C++/Java/Javascript.

This may be the only command you need to learn!

5.1.2. evilnc-quick-comment-or-uncomment-to-the-line

comment/uncomment from current line to the user-specified line. You can input the rightest digit(s) to specify the line number if you want to type less.

For example, say current line number is 497. C-u 3 M-x evilnc-quick-comment-or-uncomment-to-the-line will comment to the line 503 because the rightest digit of "503" is 3.

The hotkey is ",cl" or ",ll" in evil-mode and C-c l (C means Ctrl key) in emacs normal mode.

5.1.3. evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-paragraphs

comment/uncomment paragraphs which is separated by empty lines.

5.1.4. evilnc-copy-and-comment-lines

Copy and paste lines, then comment out original lines. This command supports negative arguments.

The hotkey is ",cc" in evil-mode and C-c c in emacs normal mode.

5.1.5. evilnc-comment-and-kill-ring-save

Comment lines and insert original lines into kill-ring.

5.1.6. evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-to-the-line

Comment to the specified line.

5.1.7. evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-html-tag

Comment or uncomment current html tag or selected region.

It supports html and jsx without any set up. It's not dependent on any third party package.

Please note you don't need force the whole line selection (pressing V) in evil-mode. This command is smart to select whole lines if needed.

Comment or uncomment html tag(s).

If no region is selected, current tag under focus is automatically selected. In this case, only one tag is selected.

If user manually selects region, the region could cross multiple sibling tags and automatically expands to include complete tags. So user only need press v key in evil-mode to select multiple tags.

Or you can use evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-html-paragraphs to comment/uncomment paragraphs containing html tags.

Paragraph is text separated by empty lines.

Sample to combine evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-html-paragraphs and evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-paragraphs:

(defun my-current-line-html-p (paragraph-region)
  (let* ((line (buffer-substring-no-properties (line-beginning-position)
	 (re (format "^[ \t]*\\(%s\\)?[ \t]*</?[a-zA-Z]+"
		     (regexp-quote (evilnc-html-comment-start)))))
    ;; current paragraph does contain html tag
    (if (and (>= (point) (car paragraph-region))
	     (string-match-p re line))

(defun my-evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-paragraphs (&optional num)
  "Comment or uncomment NUM paragraphs which might contain html tags."
  (interactive "p")
  (unless (featurep 'evil-nerd-commenter) (require 'evil-nerd-commenter))
  (let* ((paragraph-region (evilnc--get-one-paragraph-region))
	 (html-p (or (save-excursion
		       (sgml-skip-tag-backward 1)
		       (my-current-line-html-p paragraph-region))
		       (sgml-skip-tag-forward 1)
		       (my-current-line-html-p paragraph-region)))))
    (if html-p (evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-html-paragraphs num)
      (evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-paragraphs num))))
5.1.8. evilnc-toggle-comment-empty-lines

Toggle the flag to comment/uncomment empty lines.

The hotkey is ",cv" in evil-mode.

5.1.9. evilnc-copy-to-line

Copy from the current line to the user-specified line.

It's for non-evil user only.

You need assign hotkey for it.

For example:

(global-set-key (kbd "C-c C-t C-l") 'evilnc-copy-to-line)
5.1.10. evilnc-toggle-invert-comment-line-by-line

Toggle flag evilnc-invert-comment-line-by-line.

When the flag is true, the command evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-lines, evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-to-the-line, and evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-paragraphs will be influenced. They will invert each line's comment status instead comment the whole thing.

Please note this command may NOT work on complex evil text object.

5.1.11. evilnc-kill-to-line

Kill from the current line to the user-specified line.

It's for non-evil user only.

You need assign hotkey for it.

For example:

(global-set-key (kbd "C-c C-t C-l") 'evilnc-kill-to-line)
5.1.12. evilnc-comment-both-snippet-html

If a line is snippet wrapped HTML tags in HTML template, only the HTML syntax is used to comment out the line by default.

But if you (setq evilnc-comment-both-snippet-html t), snippet will be commented out with its own syntax at first. Then the wrapped html tag will be comment out using HTML syntax. This flag has effect on all above commands. Web-mode should be enabled to use this flag.

5.1.13. evilnc-comment-box

Comment out N lines, putting it inside a box. N could be negative. If N is nil, comment out current paragraph. This command uses builtin API comment-box.

The hotkey is ",cs" in evil-mode

5.1.14. Use imenu to list and jump to comments in current file

Please setup `imenu-create-index-function' to `evilnc-imenu-create-index-function'.

Setup on using counsel-imenu to list comments in current buffer,

(defun counsel-imenu-comments ()
  (let* ((imenu-create-index-function 'evilnc-imenu-create-index-function))
    (unless (featurep 'counsel) (require 'counsel))

5.2. Examples

5.2.1. Comment lines

C-u NUM M-x evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-lines, comment/uncomment next NUM lines.

5.2.2. Comment region

Select a region and M-x evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-lines. The region will be automatically expanded to contain whole lines. Then we comment/uncomment the region.

5.2.3. Comment to the line number

C-u 56 M-x evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-to-the-line, comment/uncomment from current line to line 56.

5.2.4. Copy and comment

C-u 2 M-x evilnc-copy-and-comment-lines, copy 2 lines and paste them below the original line. Then comment out original lines. The focus will be moved to the new lines.

5.2.5. Comment paragraph

C-u 2 M-x evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-paragraphs, comment out two paragraphs. This is useful if you have large hunk of data to be commented out as below:

var myJson={
5.2.6. Invert comment

Say there are two lines of javascript code,

if(flag==true){ doSomething(); }
//if(flag==false){ doSomething(); }

The first line is production code. The second line is your debug code. You want to invert the comment status of these two lines (for example, comment out first line and uncomment the second line) for debug purpose.

All you need to is M-x evilnc-toggle-invert-comment-line-by-line then C-u 2 evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-lines. The first command turn on some flag, so the behavior of (un)commenting is different.

6. Evil usage

If you use Evil, you can use text objects and motions. But if you only deals with lines, I suggest using evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-lines instead.

6.1. commenter text object "c"

We defined commenter text object "c" which can have multi-lines.

Press vac to select outer object (comment with limiters).

Press vic to select inner object (comment without limiter).

The comment text object is created automatically in evilnc-default-hotkeys.

You can assign other key instead of "c" to the text object by changing evilnc-comment-text-object.

(setq evilnc-comment-text-object "c")

You can also manually created the comment text object using below code,

(setq evilnc-comment-text-object "a")
(define-key evil-inner-text-objects-map evilnc-comment-text-object 'evilnc-inner-commenter)
(define-key evil-outer-text-objects-map evilnc-comment-text-object 'evilnc-outer-commenter)

6.2. evilnc-comment-operator

evilnc-comment-operator acts much like the delete/change operator. Takes a motion or text object and comments it out, yanking its content in the process.

Example 1: ",,," to comment out the current line.

Example 2: ",,9j" to comment out the next 9 lines.

Example 3: ",,99G" to comment from the current line to line 99.

Example 4: ",,a(" to comment out the current s-expression, or ",,i(" to only comment out the s-expression's content. Similarly for blocks ",,a{", etc.

Example 5: ",,ao" to comment out the current symbol, or ",,aW" to comment out the current WORD. Could be useful when commenting out function parameters, for instance.

Example 6: ",,w" comment to the beginning of the next word, ",,e" to the end of the next word, ",,b" to the beginning of the previous word.

Example 7: ",,it", comment the region inside html tags (all html major modes are supported , including web-mode)

6.3. evilnc-copy-and-comment-operator

evilnc-copy-and-comment-operator is another evil-mode operator. Instead of commenting out the text in the operator-range, it inserts an copy of the text in the range and comments out that copy. Its hot key is ",.". For example, ",.," to comment out the current line.

6.4. evilnc-yank-and-comment-operator

Operator to comment or uncomment the text and yank the original text at the same time.

7. Tips

7.1. Yank in evil-mode

You can yank to line 99 using hotkey y99G or y99gg. That's the feature from evil-mode.

Please read vim manual on "text objects and motions".

7.2. Change comment style

For example, if you prefer double slashes // instead of slash-stars /* ... */ in c-mode, insert below code into your ~/.emacs:

(add-hook 'c-mode-common-hook
  (lambda ()
    ;; Preferred comment style
    (setq comment-start "// "
	  comment-end "")))

Thanks for Andrew Pennebaker (aka mcandre) providing this tip.

7.3. Comment code snippet

Please install evil-matchit. You can press vi=% to select a region between tags and press M-; to comment the region.

Most popular programming languages are supported.

7.4. Comment and uncomment Lisp code

  • Make sure Evil installed
  • Press ",,a("

7.5. Choose the style of copy and comment

You can set up evilnc-original-above-comment-when-copy-and-comment to decide which style to use when evilnc-copy-and-comment-lines or evilnc-copy-and-comment-operator,

  • Place the commented out text above original text
  • Or place the original text above commented out text

7.6. Customize comment style

Most commands call evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-region-function.

You can modify this variable to customize the comment style.

(with-eval-after-load 'evil-nerd-commenter
  (defun my-comment-or-uncomment-region (beg end)
    (let* ((comment-start "aaa")
	   (comment-end "bbb"))
      (evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-region-internal beg end)))
  (setq evilnc-comment-or-uncomment-region-function

8. Credits

Old versions

evil-nerd-commenter-3.6.0.tar.lz2022-Dec-0718.4 KiB
evil-nerd-commenter-3.5.8.tar.lz2022-Oct-1518.5 KiB
evil-nerd-commenter-3.5.7.tar.lz2022-Apr-0416.3 KiB
evil-nerd-commenter-3.5.6.tar.lz2022-Jan-0616.3 KiB
evil-nerd-commenter-3.5.5.tar.lz2022-Jan-0616.5 KiB