NonGNU ELPA - geiser


GNU Emacs and Scheme talk to each other
geiser-0.16.tar, 2021-Aug-07, 1010 KiB
Jose Antonio Ortega Ruiz <>
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To install this package, run in Emacs:

M-x package-install RET geiser RET

Full description

* Overview

  Geiser is a generic Emacs/Scheme interaction mode, featuring an
  enhanced REPL and a set of minor modes improving Emacs' basic scheme
  major mode. The main functionalities provided are:

    - Evaluation of forms in the namespace of the current module.
    - Macro expansion.
    - File/module loading.
    - Namespace-aware identifier completion (including local bindings,
      names visible in the current module, and module names).
    - Autodoc: the echo area shows information about the signature of
      the procedure/macro around point automatically.
    - Jump to definition of identifier at point.
    - Access to documentation (including docstrings when the
      implementation provides it).
    - Listings of identifiers exported by a given module.
    - Listings of callers/callees of procedures.
    - Rudimentary support for debugging (list of
      evaluation/compilation error in an Emacs' compilation-mode
    - Support for inline images in schemes, such as Racket, that treat
      them as first order values.

   If you're not in a hurry, [[][Geiser's website]] contains a much nicer

* Supported schemes

    Geiser needs Emacs 24 or better, and installing also at least one
    of the supported scheme implementations.

    The following schemes are supported via an independent package,
    installable from MELPA:

      - Chez 9.4 or better, via [[][geiser-chez]]
      - Chibi 0.7.3 or better, via [[][geiser-chibi]]
      - Chicken 4.8.0 or better, via  [[][geiser-chicken]]
      - Gambit 4.9.3 or better, via [[][geiser-gambit]]
      - Gauche 0.9.6 or better, via [[][geiser-gauche]]
      - Guile 2.2 or better, via  [[][geiser-guile]]
      - Kawa 3.1, via [[][geiser-kawa]]
      - MIT/GNU Scheme, via  [[][geiser-mit]]
      - Racket 6.0 or better, via [[][geiser-racket]]
      - Stklos 1.50, via [[][geiser-stklos]]

* Installation

*** Using MELPA

    The easiest way is to use MELPA, and just type

    =M-x package-install RET geiser-<implementation>=

    inside emacs, or the corresponding =use-package= stanza, for, say

    #+begin_src emacs-lisp
      (use-package geiser-mit :ensure t)

    All the concrete implementation packages depend on the base =geiser=
    package, so it'll be installed for you.

*** From a repository checkout

    If you are not using MELPA, just put this repository's ~elisp~
    directory and the target's scheme directory in your load path and
    require the latter:

    #+begin_src emacs-lisp
      (add-to-list 'load-path "<geiser checkout dir>/elisp")
      (add-to-list 'load-path "<geiser-mit checkout dir>")
      (require 'geiser-mit)

    Some scheme implementations need additional installation steps to
    fully support all geiser operations, so please do check their
    corresponding web pages.

* Basic configuration

  When opening a scheme file, Geiser will try to guess its Scheme,
  defaulting to the first in the list
  =geiser-active-implementations=. If you've installed more than one
  geiser package, you can also use =C-c C-s= to select the
  implementation by hand (on a per file basis).

  Check the geiser customization group for some other options with:

      M-x customize-group RET geiser RET

  In particular, customize =geiser-<impl>-binary=, which should point
  to an executable in your path.

  To start a REPL, run =M-x geiser=.

** Completion with company-mode

    Geiser offers identifier and module name completion, bound to
    =M-TAB= and =M-`= respectively. Only names visible in the current
    module are offered.

    While that is cool and all, things are even better: if you have
    [[][company mode]] installed, Geiser's completion will use it. Just
    require company-mode and, from then on, any new scheme buffer or
    REPL will use it.

** Macro expansion with macrostep-geiser

   Geiser offers basic macro expansion in a dedicated buffer.  If you
   prefer in-buffer, step by step expansion, please take a look at
   Nikita Bloshchanevich's [[][macrostep-geiser]].

* Quick key reference

  (See also [[][the user's manual cheat sheet]]')

** In Scheme buffers:

   | C-c C-s     | Specify Scheme implementation for buffer         |
   | C-c C-z     | Switch to REPL                                   |
   | C-c C-a     | Switch to REPL and current module                |
   | M-.         | Go to definition of identifier at point          |
   | M-,         | Go back to where M-. was last invoked            |
   | C-c C-e m   | Ask for a module and open its file               |
   | C-c C-e C-l | Add a given directory to Scheme's load path      |
   | C-c C-e [   | Toggle between () and [] for current form        |
   | c-c C-e \   | Insert λ                                         |
   | C-M-x       | Eval definition around point                     |
   | C-c C-c     | Eval definition around point                     |
   | C-c M-e     | Eval definition around point and switch to REPL  |
   | C-x C-e     | Eval sexp before point                           |
   | C-c C-r     | Eval region                                      |
   | C-c M-r     | Eval region and switch to REPL                   |
   | C-c C-b     | Eval buffer                                      |
   | C-c M-b     | Eval buffer and switch to REPL                   |
   | C-c C-m x   | Macro-expand definition around point             |
   | C-c C-m e   | Macro-expand sexp before point                   |
   | C-c C-m r   | Macro-expand region                              |
   | C-c C-k     | Compile and load current buffer                  |
   | C-c C-l     | Load scheme file                                 |
   | C-u C-c C-k | Compile and load current buffer, restarting REPL |
   | C-c C-d d   | See documentation for identifier at point        |
   | C-c C-d s   | See short documentation for identifier at point  |
   | C-c C-d i   | Look up manual for identifier at point           |
   | C-c C-d m   | See a list of a module's exported identifiers    |
   | C-c C-d a   | Toggle autodoc mode                              |
   | C-c <       | Show callers of procedure at point               |
   | C-c >       | Show callees of procedure at point               |
   | M-TAB       | Complete identifier at point                     |
   | M-`, C-.    | Complete module name at point                    |
   | TAB         | Complete identifier at point or indent           |
   |             | (If geiser-mode-smart-tab-p is t)                |

** In the REPL

    | C-c C-z     | Start Scheme REPL, or jump to previous buffer      |
    | C-c M-o     | Clear scheme output                                |
    | C-c C-q     | Kill Scheme process                                |
    | C-c C-l     | Load scheme file                                   |
    | C-c C-k     | Nuke REPL: use it if the REPL becomes unresponsive |
    | M-.         | Edit identifier at point                           |
    | TAB, M-TAB  | Complete identifier at point                       |
    | M-`, C-.    | Complete module name at point                      |
    | M-p, M-n    | Prompt history, matching current prefix            |
    | C-c \       | Insert λ                                           |
    | C-c [       | Toggle between () and [] for current form          |
    | C-c C-m     | Set current module                                 |
    | C-c C-i     | Import module into current namespace               |
    | C-c C-r     | Add a given directory to scheme's load path        |
    | C-c C-d C-d | See documentation for symbol at point              |
    | C-c C-d C-m | See documentation for module                       |
    | C-c C-d C-a | Toggle autodoc mode                                |

** In the documentation browser:

    | f        | Next page                                    |
    | b        | Previous page                                |
    | TAB, n   | Next link                                    |
    | S-TAB, p | Previous link                                |
    | N        | Next section                                 |
    | P        | Previous section                             |
    | k        | Kill current page and go to previous or next |
    | g, r     | Refresh page                                 |
    | c        | Clear browsing history                       |
    | ., M-.   | Edit identifier at point                     |
    | z        | Switch to REPL                               |
    | q        | Bury buffer                                  |

** In backtrace (evaluation/compile result) buffers:

    - =M-g n=, =M-g p=, =C-x `= for error navigation.
    - =q= to bury buffer.

* How to support a new scheme implementation
  Geiser works by running an instance of a REPL, or remotely
  connecting to one, and evaluating the scheme code it sees
  there. Then, every time it needs to perform some operation (like,
  say, printing autodoc, jumping to a source location or expanding a
  macro), it asks the running scheme instance for that information.

  So supporting a new scheme usually means writing a small scheme
  library that provides that information on demand, and then some
  standard elisp functions that invoke the procedures in that library.

  To see what elisp functions one needs to implement, just execute the
  command `M-x geiser-implementation-help` inside emacs with a recent
  version of geiser installed. And then take a look at, say,
  [[][geiser-guile.el]] for examples of how those functions are implemented
  for concrete schemes.

  Not all schemes can provide introspective information to implement all
  the functionality that geiser tries to offer.  That is okay: you can
  leave as many functions unimplemented as you see fit (there is even an
  explicit list of unsupported features), and geiser will still know how
  to use the ones that are implemented.